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Title: Role of chelating agents and antioxidants in beryllium induced toxicity
Authors: Johri, Sonia
Shukla, Sangeeta
Sharma, Pragya
Issue Date: May-2002
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The present study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of chelating agents [glutathione, 2,3 dimercapto propane sulfonic acid (DMPS) and D-penicillamine (DPA] in combination with antioxidant (sodium selenite) in beryllium induced toxicity in female rats. A bolus dose of 50mg/kg-beryllium nitrate was administered singly followed by chelation therapy with GSH, DMPS + Se and DPA + Se at various durations of 1,3 and 7 days respectively. Results revealed a significant fall in the glycogen content, whereas, a marginal fall in the protein was also observed. The enzymatic activity of alkaline phosphatase and adenosine triphosphatase was depleted; on the contrary, there was a significant rise in the acid phosphatase and glucose-6-phosphatase pattern. A rise in the hepatic lipid peroxidation activity is a direct indication of oxidative damage resulting in free radical generation. The distribution of the metal by atomic absorption spectrophotometry revealed an increased concentration of beryllium in liver and kidney, followed by lung and uterus. The relative ability of three chelating agents to act as antagonists, for acute beryllium poisoning, have been examined in liver, kidney, lungs and uterus. The appreciable change in the be beryllium concentration in various organs is duration dependent during the entire period being highly significant at 7 days regimen. Biochemical and distribution studies reveal that DPA + Se was the most effective therapeutic agent followed by DMPS + Se and GSH.
Page(s): 575-582
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.40(05) [May 2002]

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