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IJTK Vol.07(3) [July 2008] >


Title: Management of indigenous sugarcane under rice-wheat based agroecosystem through informal institutions
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Sureja, Amish K
Keywords: Institution
Indigenous knowledge
Conservation
Sugarcane
Rice-wheat agro-ecosystem
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeInt. Cl. ⁸: A01B, A01C
Abstract: Informal rural social institutions and indigenous knowledge systems as social capitals have often played significant role in conserving, managing and sustaining the indigenous biodiversity. Looking to the importance of informal rural social institutions and farmers’ wisdom in conservation of indigenous biodiversity, an attempt has been made to document the resource-poor farmers’ informal social institutions and common practices for conservation and management of indigenous sugarcane varieties in three randomly selected villages of Azamgarh district, eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. The data were collected from the resource-poor and resource-rich farmers by using the focus group discussions and personal interview methods. The study depicts that farmers have developed an informal institution and a cumulative body of indigenous knowledge based on trial and error to conserve, adapt and manage the indigenous sugarcane varieties. The varieties and adopted approaches are found to be compatible with the socio-economic and biophysical indicators of rice-wheat based agroecosystem. Cultural feasibility and local resources available with farmers are basic attributes in facilitating the chain of cooperation through Sajha-Kolhad to help each other for management of indigenous sugarcane varieties in holistic manner. The informal institution and knowledge involved in managing the indigenous sugarcane varieties were found to be environmentally sound, economically viable, socially justifiable and more humane in nature. With regard to production stability and agronomic and cultural attributes, indigenous sugarcane varieties are more compatible than the improved varieties.
Page(s): 469-477
ISSN: 0972-5938
Source:IJTK Vol.07(3) [July 2008]

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