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Title: Control of metallic corrosion through microbiological route
Authors: Maruthamuthu, S
Ponmariappan, S
Mohanan, S
Palaniswamy, N
Palaniappan, R
Rengaswamy, N S
Keywords: Biofilm;Corrosion control;Heterotrophic bacteria;Metallic corrosion
Issue Date: Sep-2003
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Involvement of biofilm or microorganisms in corrosion processes is widely acknowledged. Although majority of the studies on microbiologically induced corrosion (MIC) have concentrated on aerobic/anaerobic bacteria. There are numerous aerobic bacteria, which could hinder the corrosion process. The microbiologically produced exopolymers provide the structural frame work for the biofilm. These polymers combine with dissolved metal ions and form organometallic complexes. GEnerally heterotrophic bacteria contribute to three major processes: (i) synthesis of polymers (ii) accumulation of reserve materials like poly-β- hydroxy butrate (iii) production of high molecular weight extracellular polysaccharides. Poly-β-hydroxy buytrate is a polymer or D(-)β- hydroxy butrate and has a molecular weight between 60,000 and 2,50,000. Some extracellular polymers also have higher molecular weights. It seems that higher molecular weight polymer acts as biocoating. In the present review, role of biochemistry on corrosion inhibition and possibilities of corrosion inhibition by various microbes are discussed. The role of bacteria on current demand during cathodic protection is also debated. In addition, some of the significant contributions made by CECRI in this promising area are highlighted.
Page(s): 1023-1029
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.41(09) [September 2003]

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