Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/16947
Title: Uptake of mercury (II) in batch system by stannic-titania mixed-oxide gel: Kinetics and thermodynamics
Authors: Thomas, Raina
Anirudhan, T S
Issue Date: Sep-1999
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Relatively limited information is available regarding the kinetics of sorption of metal ions from solutions onto mixed oxide gel. For this reason, a detailed study of the kinetics of sorption of Hg(II) on stannic-titania mixed-oxide gel was conducted in a controlled batch system. The sorbent has the ability to adsorb substantial quantities of Hg(II) from aqueous solutions. The extent of removal was found to be dependent on adsorbent dose, initial concentration, pH and temperature. The process follows first-order reversible kinetics. The intraparticle diffusion of metal ions through pores in the adsorbent was shown to be the main rate limiting step. Adsorbent is effective for the quantitative removal of Hg(II) over the pH range 5-10. The applicability of Langmuir adsorption isotherm equation for Hg(II) removal has been tested. An examination of thermodynamic parameters shows that the adsorption of Hg(II) by adsorbent is an endothermic process and is spontaneous at the temperature investigated. The method was applied for synthetic wastewaters. The spent gel can be regenerated and reused by HCl treatment.
Page(s): 268-275
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/16947
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.06(5) [September 1999]

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