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|Title:||Selective trapping of initiator component in the interlayer space of montmorillonite: A novel technique of controlling linear termination in aqueous acrylamide polymerisation|
Saha, S K
|Abstract:||Kinetics and mechanism of aqueous polymerization of acrylamide by FeCl3 -thiourea redox couple are investigated in homogeneous solution with a view to compare results with those observed after trapping metal oxidant in the montmorillonite layered space. The initial rate of polymerization and the intrinsic viscosity are ranged within (0.3 -2.3) x104 mol L-1 S-1 and (14-137) mLg-1 respectively in the form case. Linear termination by metal oxidants is checked in the latter instance resulting in the higher chain growth of the polymers. Formation of the acrylamide pairs in the interlayer positions of acidic montmorillonite, strong 'cage effect' on the initiating thiourea radicals and the delayed termination process are identified as the major causes for the observed mechanistic modification in the montmorillonite gel phase reactions.|
|ISSN:||0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJCT Vol.06(1) [January 1999]|
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