Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1676
Title: Isolation of bioactive marine actinomycetes from sediments isolated from Goa and Maharashtra coastlines (west coast of India)
Authors: Kokare, C R
Mahadik, K R
Kadam, S S
Keywords: Marine sediment
Pretreatment
Selective media
Pigmentation
Antimicrobial activity
Maharashtra coast
Goa coast
Alibag
Janjira
Issue Date: Sep-2004
Publisher: CSIR
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl. ⁷ C12N 1/02, C12Q 1/02
Abstract: Twenty marine sediment samples were collected at the time of low tide from Maharashtra and Goa coasts in July 1999. Heat pretreatment at 41ºC for 1 to 2 months was found to be most effective for the isolation of marine actinomycetes. Eight different selective media were used for isolation of actinomycetes and starch casein agar and glucose asparagine agar media prepared in natural seawater showed good growth of actinomycetes. Best growth of actinomycetes was observed at 28ºC af-ter incubation for three weeks. Significant differences were found between the counts of actinomycetes on different media. Out of 80 actinomycetes, 59 actinomycetes showed fast growth, 21 showed slow growth and 53 actinomycetes showed pig-mentation of brown (5), gray (30), orange (2), black (8), yellow (4), red (2) and greenish (2) colors. Antibacterial and anti-fungal activities were tested using cross streak and cylinder plate technique. Out of 80 strains of actinomycetes, 35 showed bioactive activities. Out of 35 strains, 20 showed strong antimicrobial activity against different types of organisms and re-maining 15 showed very weak antimicrobial activity. From these twenty strongly bioactive strains, 16 showed activity against Gram-positive, 2 against Gram-negative microorganisms and 7 showed antifungal activities. Out of these actinomy-cetes, 16 belonged to genus Streptomyces and one each to Streptoverticillium, Catellatospora, Nocardia and Actinopolyspora. Interestingly, Actinopolyspora and Catellatospora species were found in sediments and it shows good antimicrobial activity. Present study clearly indicates that sediment samples from Alibag, Janjira and Goa are potent sources for the isolation of bioactive actinomycetes.
Description: 248-256
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1676
ISSN: 0379-5136
Appears in Collections: IJMS Vol.33(3) [September 2004]

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