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|Title:||Effect of alkali treatment on the yield and quality of agar from red alga Gracilaria verrucosa (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales) occurring at different salinity gradient of Chilika lake|
|Keywords:||Gracilaria verrucosa;Chilika lake;Agar agar;Alkali treatment red alga;Salinity|
|IPC Code:||Int. Cl. ⁷ C08B 37/12|
|Abstract:||Gracilaria verrucosa was collected at salinity gradient of 4.2 to 28 ppt in the Chilika lake was used for agar extraction. Agar yield of 27-30% with gel strength 165 to 180 g/cm² was obtained from the alga occurring at two different locations of Southern sector of the lake showing salinity 6.5 to 8.0 ppt. NaOH pre-treatment strongly influenced the agar characteristics. Alkali pre-treatment of Gracilaria verrucosa yielded agar with increased gel strength but the yield was lowered. With 10% alkali pre-treatment the sulphate content of agar was reduced together with increase in 3,6,-anhydro galactose content and the gel strength. Using Gracilaria verrucosa from salinity ranges 6.5 to 8.0 ppt of Chilika lake and extraction with 10% alkali, good quality of agar with gel strength of 265 to 275 g/cm² and moderate yield of 25 to 26% was obtained suggesting its potential for commercial exploitation.|
|Appears in Collections:|| IJMS Vol.33(2) [June 2004]|
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