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Title: Statistical medium optimization of an alkaline protease from Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 10501, its characterization and application in leather processing
Authors: Boopathy, Naidu Ramachandra
Indhuja, Devadas
Srinivasan, Krishnan
Uthirappan, Mani
Gupta, Rishikesh
Ramudu, Kamini Numbi
Chellan, Rose
Keywords: Dehairing;Protease;Pseudomonas aeruginosa;Response surface methodology
Issue Date: Apr-2013
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Proteases are shown to have greener mode of application in leather processing for dehairing of goat skins and cow hides. Production of protease by submerged fermentation with potent activity is reported using a new isolate P. aeruginosa MTCC 10501. The production parameters were optimized by statistical methods such as Plackett-Burman and response surface methodology. The optimized production medium contained (g/L); tryptone, 2.5; yeast extract, 3.0; skim milk 30.0; dextrose 1.0; inoculum concentration 4%: initial pH 6.0; incubation temperature 30 °C and optimum production at 48 h with protease activity of 7.6 U/mL. The protease had the following characteristics: pH optima, 9.0; temperature optima 50 °C; pH stability between 5.0-10.0 and temperature stability between 10-40 °C. The protease was observed to have high potential for dehairing of goat skins in the pre- tanning process comparable to that of the chemical process as evidenced by histology. The method offers cleaner processing using enzyme only instead of toxic chemicals in the pre-tanning process of leather manufacture.
Page(s): 336-342
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.51(04) [April 2013]

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