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|Title:||Rspo1 promotes osteoblast differentiation via Wnt signaling pathway|
|Authors:||Sharma, Ashish R|
|Abstract:||R-spondin (Rspo)s proteins are a new group of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling agonists. These signaling molecules are known to be involved in the developmental stages of skeletal system. Recent studies in various murine osteoblast models have proposed that Rspo1 may interact with Wnt signaling pathway to induce differentiation in osteoblasts. Though findings in murine osteoblasts implicate a synergestic role of Rspo1 with Wnt signaling, still no study has addressed the similar role in more clinically applicable osteoblast models i.e., human cell lines or primary cells. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the possible role of Rspo1 during differentiation process of human in vitro osteoblast cell models like primary osteoblasts or human osteoprogenitor cell line hFOB1.19 along with murine preosteoblast cell line MC3T3 E-1. Our results showed increase in Rspo1 at transcript level during differentiating phase of human primary osteoblasts and human FOB1.19 cells. We also found that Rspo1 (100 ng/mL) acts additively with Wnt3a to activate Wnt signaling, as confirmed by luciferase activity after transfection of TOPFLASH construct to hFOB1.19 cells. Similar additive role of Rspo1 and Wnt3a was apparent in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity analysis of human primary cells. Moreover, a reduction in ALP activity was observed with knock-down of Rspo1 by transfected shRNA in hFOB1.19 cells. These results suggested the possibility of autocrine regulation by Rspo1 on the osteogenic activities in human in vitro osteoblast models. Furthermore, these results were corroborated in MC3T3-E1, murine osteoblast cell model. Osteoblastic differentiation was induced by transfection of Rspo1 which was confirmed by increased ALP staining and qRT-PCR analysis of osteogenic markers, such as Runx2 and osteocalcin. In conclusion, present study highlights the role of Rspo1 in bone remodeling where it activates Wnt signaling to induce differentiation, as shown in human as well murine in vitro osteoblast cell models.|
|ISSN:||0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJBB Vol.50(1) [February 2013]|
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