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|Title:||An ethnomedicinal inventory of plants used for family planning and sex diseases in Samahni valley, Pakistan|
|Authors:||Muhammad, Ishtiaq Ch|
|Keywords:||Ethnobotany;Ethnomedicine;Family planning;Sexual diseases;Samahni valley;Pakistan|
|IPC Code:||Int. Cl. ⁸ : A61K36/00, A61P15/00, A61P15/02|
|Abstract:||An ethnomedicinal systematic exploration of medicinal plants of tribal area of Samahni valley was conducted. The data of ethnomedicine used by tribals for birth control and sex diseases were collected by frequent planned visits by applying semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, direct observations and biological inventories. There was a high degree of informant consensus for the species and their medicinal indications between the healers interviewed. Samahni valley is dressed up with a wide range of medicinal flora. The geographical isolation and hilly terrain has permitted the survival of folk herbal medicines still in this area. Indigenous plants are interactly associated to the culture and traditions of local people. About 36 plant species, distributed in 26 families were used to treat sexual diseases and control birth rate in Samahni valley, Pakistan. The most of these plants growing wild (55.55%) are indigenous (61.11%) and herbs (52.77%). The plant parts frequently used are seed (22.72 %), root (20.45%), fruit, leaf and whole plant (9.09%). Medications are mostly prepared as decoctions and infusions. Most of species reported here are found to control family size and treat sexual diseases. People are still dependent on medicinal plants in this rural area of Samahni valley. The study enlightens how data of ethnomedicinal inventory of medicinal plants can be used effectively at local and regional level for phytochemical and pharmacological research. Due to unplanned exploitation and acculturation, the area had resulted in loss of medicinally important plant species. It was concluded that afforestation programme followed by proper protection is need of time.|
|Appears in Collections:||IJTK Vol.07(2) [April 2008]|
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