NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences (IJMS) >
IJMS Vol.34 [2005] >
IJMS Vol.34(1) [March 2005] >

Title: Coastal marine biodiversity in East Africa
Authors: Griffiths, Charles L.
Keywords: Marine biodiversity
Species richness
East Africa
Issue Date: Mar-2005
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The Indian Ocean coastline of mainland Africa is over 9 500 km long and comprises the tropical coasts of Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, plus the subtropical and warm-temperate Indian Ocean coastline of South Africa. The regional marine fisheries catch (Indian Ocean catch only for South Africa) is about 200 000 t, more than 80 % of which is taken from Mozambique and Tanzania. Regional fisheries are dominated by intense artisanal and subsistence sectors, although there are also several commercially important industrial fisheries, mostly targeting lobsters, prawns and squid. No reliable species lists exist for individual countries of tropical Africa, but 11 257 marine species are recorded from the western Indian Ocean region (island states included) and 11 980 species from South Africa (including Atlantic coast). Comparing these lists by taxonomic group, and with similar lists for Europe (29 713 known species) reveals great disparities in taxonomic coverage and large gaps in the data, especially for smaller sized organisms. It is concluded that less than half of species actually present in East Africa have been described. Existing data are also based largely on shallow–water surveys and the benthic invertebrates of deeper waters, especially those of the continental slope and abyssal zone, remain virtually unexplored.
Page(s): 35-41
ISSN: 0379-5136
Source: IJMS Vol.34(1) [March 2005]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJMS 34(1) 35-41.pdf135.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 89 
Recommend this item


Online Submission of Articles |  NISCAIR Website |  National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2015 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 168156 since 01-Sep-2015  Last updated on 29-Jun-2016Webmaster: