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Title: Characterization of high temperature induced stress impairments in thylakoids of rice seedlings
Authors: Vani, B
Saradhi, P Pardha
Mohanty, Prasanna
Issue Date: Aug-2001
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Exposure o f isolated thylakoids or intact plants to elevated temperature is known to inhibit photosynthesis at multiple sites. We have investigated the effect of elevated temperature (40°C) for 24 hr in dark on rice seedlings to characterize the extent of damage by inl vivo heat stress on photofunctions of photosystem II (PSII). Chi a fluorescence transient analysis in the intactrice leaves indicated a loss in PSII photochemistry (Fv) and an associated loss in the number of functional PSII units. Thylakoids isolated from rice seedlings exposed to mild heat stress exhibited > 50% reduction in PSII catalyzed oxygen evolution activity compared to the corresponding control thylakoids. The ability of thy lakoid membranes from heat exposed seed lings to photooxidize artificial PSII electron donor, DPC, subsequent to washing the thylakoids with alkaline Tris or NH2OH was also reduced by ~40% compared to control Tris or NH2OH washed thylakoids. This clearly indicated that besides the disruption of oxygen evolving complex (OEC) by 40°C heat exposure for 24 hr, the PSII reaction centers were impaired by inl vivo heat stress. The analysis of Mn and manganese stabilizing protein (MSP) contents showed no breakdown of 33 kDa extrinsic MSP and only a marginal loss in Mn. Thus, we suggest that the extent of heat induced loss of OEC must be due to disorganization of the OEC complex by in vivo heat stress. Studies with inhibitors like DCMU and atrazine clearly indicated that in vivo heat stress altered the acceptor side significantly. [14C] Atrazine binding studies clearly demonstrated that there is a significant alteration in the QB binding site on D1 as well as altered QA to QB equilibrium. Thus, our results show that the loss in PSII photochemistry by in vivo heat exposure not only alters the donor side but significantly alters the acceptor side of PSII .
Page(s): 220-229
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.38(4) [August 2001]

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