Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/15177
Title: <span style="font-size:11.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA; mso-bidi-font-weight:bold" lang="EN-US">Protective effect of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="EN-US">Spirulina </span></i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="EN-US">and tamarind fruit pulp diet supplement in fish<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"> </i>(<i>Gambusia affinis </i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">Baird & Girard) exposed to sublethal concentration of fluoride, aluminum and aluminum fluoride</span></span></span>
Authors: Sharma, K P
Upreti, N
Sharma, Shweta
Sharma, S
Keywords: Aluminum
Aluminum fluoride
Chronic toxicity
Fluoride
<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="EN-US">Spirulina</span></i>
Tamarind
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Protective role of diet supplements (<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Spirulina</i>, tamarind fruit pulp and their combination) on a freshwater fish <i>G. affinis</i> exposed at sublethal concentration of fluoride (F<sup>-</sup>) (10 ppm), Al<sup>+3</sup> (3 ppm) and aluminum fluoride (AlF<sub>3</sub>) (35.4 ppm) in the microcosms (15 L sized) for 30-60 days in winter (90 days in summer) has been reported. Toxic effects of chemicals were manifested as higher fish mortality (4-50%) and acid (≈-30%) and alkaline phosphatase (25-50%) contents, but reduction in RBC counts (5-55%) and protein content (≈-29%) compared with controls. Alterations in values of these parameters were found maximum in aluminum exposed fish suggesting it as the most toxic among the tested chemicals. Diet supplements reduced toxicity of tested chemicals, especially when <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Spirulina</i> and tamarind were given together.
Description: 897-903
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15177
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.50(12) [December 2012]

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