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Title: Pharmacognosy of aconite sold under the name <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i> in Indian market
Authors: Sarkar, P K
Prajapati, P K
Pillai, A P G
Chauhan, M G
Keywords: Aconite
<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="EN-US">Vatsanabha</span></i>
Issue Date: Oct-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: Int. Cl.<sup>8</sup>: A61K 36/00, A61P, A61P 1/00, A61P 7/00, A61P 9/00, A61P 11/00, A61P 19/00, A61P 39/00
Abstract: Aconite is one of the lethal poisons used in therapeutics of Ayurveda. It is sold under the name of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i> in Indian market. The aconite is generally found as mixture of different species of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Aconitum</i>, due to the close morphological similarity of the different species of aconites. The aims of the study were to identify different species of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Aconitum</i> present in the market samples of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i> and to find out the authentic species of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i>, i.e. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Aconitum</i> <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">chasmanthum</i> Stapf. ex Holmes in the market sample. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i> was sold from Indian markets and was identified by means of macroscopic and microscopic studies and by TLC profile. It was found that ‘<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Vatsanabha</i>’ of Indian market is mixture of 8 species of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Aconitum</i>, 6 of these were identified as <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">A. spicatum </i>Stapf.,<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"> A. falconeri </i>Stapf., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">A. chasmanthum </i>Stapf. ex Holmes<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">, A. laciniatum </i>Stapf.<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">, A. balfourii</i> Holmes ex Stapf. and <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">A. deinorrhizum </i>Holmes ex Stapf. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">A. chasmanthum </i>Stapf. ex Holmes species is rarely available in market samples.
Description: 685-696
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.11(4) [October 2012]

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