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Title: Radioactivity generation in Pb target by protons — A comparative study from MeV to GeV
Authors: Nandy, Maitreyee
Lahiri, Chirashree
Keywords: Induced activity
Thick target
Saturation activity
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: In an Accelerator Driven Subcritical System (ADSS), choice of the target is decided by several factors like neutron yield, heat generation, ease of cooling, possibility of fire hazard, generation of chemically toxic elements and radioactive nuclides, running cost of the accelerator, etc. natPb is one of the probable targets for an ADSS. In the present work, we have estimated induced activity in a natPb target by primary proton beam in the energy range of 20 MeV up to 2.0 GeV using reaction model codes ALICE-91, TALYS-1.2, EMPIRE-2.19 and QMD. The energy range studied spans the entire energy interval used for target property study to practical application of an ADSS. At several hundreds of MeV, some of the major contributors to induced activity are projectile-like fragments, such as, 3H. The maximum activity produced is of the order of 106-107 MBq over the whole energy range. Some chemically toxic elements like Xe, Hg are also formed in significant amount.
Page(s): 761-765
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1041 (Online); 0019-5596 (Print)
Source:IJPAP Vol.50(11) [November 2012]

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