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|Title:||Some characteristics of earth-space path propagation phenomena at a tropical location|
|Keywords:||Earth-space propagation;Ku-band signal;Rain attenuation;Depolarization;Rain drop size distribution (DSD)|
|PACS No.:||92.60.jf; 92.60.Kc|
|Abstract:||Two significant propagation characteristics of Ku-band satellite signal, namely rain attenuation and depolarization have been studied over Kolkata (22°34'N, 88°29'E), a tropical location. The existing Simple Attenuation Model (SAM) for rain attenuation estimation has been improved by incorporating the effective rain rate at different rain rates. The impact of rain drop size distribution (DSD) on determining the extent of depolarization at the tropical location is investigated. The lognormal distribution has been found to be more accurate than the gamma distribution to model rain drop sizes in the present case. Rain DSD varies for different types of rain, even during different phases of rain event and is found to influence the cross-polar enhancement of Ku-band signal. The annual variation of cross-polar enhancement indicates the dominance of different types of rain during different seasons of the year.|
|ISSN:||0975-105X (Online); 0367-8393 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJRSP Vol.41(4) [August 2012]|
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