Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/14677
Title: <span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language: HI" lang="EN-GB">Adsorption of basic dyes from synthetic textile effluent by activated carbon prepared from <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Thevetia peruviana</i></span>
Authors: Baseri, J Raffiea
Palanisamy, P N
Kumar, P Siva
Keywords: Activated carbon
Adsorption isotherm
Crystal violet
Effluent treatment
<span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language: HI" lang="EN-GB">H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> acid</span>
Malachite Green
Rhodamine–B
Kinetic models
<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">Thevetia peruviana</span></i>
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The adsorption capacity of activated carbon obtained from <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Thevetia peruviana</i> for three basic dyes, namely Malachite Green, Crystal Violet and Rhodamine–B, available in synthetic textile effluents has been studied. The percentage removal of Malachite Green, Crystal Violet, and Rhodamine–B on to the activated carbon decreases from 98.46 to 89.80, from 97.83 to 88.66 and from 97.33 to 87.12 respectively with the increase in initial dye concentration from 25 mg/L to 100 mg/L  at 30ºC. The removal data have been analyzed using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and D-R isotherm models at various temperatures varying from 30 ºC to 45 ºC. The positive value of enthalpy indicates that the adsorption of basic dyes on to activated carbon<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal"> </i>is endothermic, which is further supported by the increase in  adsorption rate of dyes with the increase in temperature from 30 ºC to 45 ºC. It is found that an activated carbon prepared by the chemical impregnation of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Thevetia peruviana</i> with H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> acid can be used as the best adsorbent for the removal of basic dyes from synthetic textile effluents.
Description: 311-321
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/14677
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.19(5) [September 2012]

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