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Title: Carbon dioxide capture by metal organic frameworks
Authors: Saha, Subhadeep
Chandra, Suman
Garai, Bikash
Banerjee, Rahul
Keywords: Metal organic frameworks
Carbon dioxide capture
Carbon dioxide adsorbents
Porous nanocarbons
Hybrid materials
Issue Date: Sep-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: <span style="font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt" lang="EN-GB">The design and synthesis of functionalized metal organic framework  materials (MOFs) for reversible physisorption of CO<sub>2</sub> is discussed. This strategy of CO<sub>2</sub> adsorption in MOFs requires less energy for regeneration than materials relying on chemisorption. As a result the MOFs have received considerable attention<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"> as sorbent materials for strategic gases such as CO<sub>2</sub> and H<sub>2</sub>. <span style="font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt; mso-ansi-language:EN-US" lang="EN-US">In this review, we have discussed different MOFs and hybrid materials containing MOFs which can adsorb CO<sub>2</sub> at room temperature.<span style="font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt" lang="EN-GB"> In order to achieve high adsorption capacity, fast CO<sub>2</sub> adsorption-desorption and low energy requirement for regeneration are necessary. Several avenues for increasing the CO<sub>2</sub> adsorption capacity of such materials, for instance, introduction of open metal sites and the use of ligand molecules with specific functionalities (like -OH or -NH<sub>2</sub>) have been described. <span style="font-size: 9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;mso-ansi-language:EN-US" lang="EN-US">It has been observed that CO<sub>2</sub> loading capacity of MOFs increases with functionalization. Herein, we have discussed how N-containing and fluorinated MOFs are designed to achieve higher CO<sub>2</sub> loading than their non-functionalized counterparts. Nanocarbons (e.g. carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, etc.) are porous materials and a blend of these porous materials with porous MOFs or porous carbon derived from MOFs may act as a better adsorbate than even the pure materials. Enhancement of CO<sub>2</sub> loading by nanocarbon-MOF hybrid material is also discussed. </span></span></span></span></span>
Description: 1223-1230
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.51A(09-10) [September-October 2012]

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