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Title: Biocultural value and conservation of “tara tree (Calamus erectus Roxb.) at biodiversity hot-spot: A study with Adi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, India
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Srivastava, R C
Padung, Egul
Rallen, Orik
Taki, Genang
Keywords: Tara (Calamus erectus)
Biocultural value
Adi tribe
Arunachal Pradesh
Issue Date: Jul-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC CodeInt.Cl.8:A61K 36/00, A01G 1/00, A01G 17/00, A01G 19/00, A23L 1/00, A23L 1/06, A23L 2/02
Abstract: Arunachal Pradesh is considered as one of the megabiodiversity centres, and lies in eastern Himalayas. State is abode of 26 major tribes (with 110 sub-tribes) who have developed unique cultural bonds with the forest resources across the five distinct climates, thus sustaining tremendous biocultural diversity in the state. With passage of time, now sustainability of biocultural resources and related livelihoods are questioned with various environmental and anthropogenic factors. Present study reports biocultural value of tara (Calamus erectus Roxb.) for Adi tribe and its conservation by them. Study was conducted in selected villages of East Siang district (in subtropical climate) of Arunachal Pradesh. Methods used for data collection include personal interviews, participant observations, transect walking and historical and anthropological records from selected Adi members. Results indicated that tara is an important resource for making house roof and handicrafts. The handicrafts are important source of income for Adi women. In remote villages, a considerable number of Adi people depend on tara therefore they conserve it. Elderly Adi members living in remote villages have greater amount of biocultural knowledge on use of tara. Conservation status of Calamus erectus was observed to be greater in community forests which are managed by indigenous informal institution- called Kebang headed by Gaon Burha. The prime need of the time is to plan strategy for participatory conservation of tara (Calamus erectus) by involving Adi people and giving them economic incentives. Tara has been in use of Adi members of mountain ecosystems for generations with cultural attachment, hence there is a need of policy to promote its use with the help of scientific value addition that may promote economic viability of Calamus erectus even in the changing social systems also.
Page(s): 514-519
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Source:IJTK Vol.11(3) [July 2012]

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