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Title: <span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language: HI" lang="EN-GB">Biocultural value and conservation of “<i>tara</i>”<i> </i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">tree <i>(Calamus erectus </i>Roxb.) at biodiversity hot-spot: A study with <i>Adi </i>tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, India</span></span>
Authors: Singh, Ranjay K
Srivastava, R C
Padung, Egul
Rallen, Orik
Taki, Genang
Keywords: <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">Tara</span></i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB"> (<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Calamus erectus</i>)</span>
Biocultural value
<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">Adi</span></i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB"> tribe</span>
Arunachal Pradesh
Issue Date: Jul-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: Int.Cl.<sup>8</sup>:A61K 36/00, A01G 1/00, A01G 17/00, A01G 19/00, A23L 1/00, A23L 1/06, A23L 2/02
Abstract: Arunachal Pradesh is considered as one of the megabiodiversity centres, and lies in eastern Himalayas. <span style="mso-bidi-language:BN" lang="EN-GB">State is abode of 26 major tribes (with 110 sub-tribes) who <span style="mso-bidi-language:BN" lang="EN-GB">have developed unique cultural bonds with the forest resources across the five distinct climates, thus sustaining tremendous biocultural diversity in the state. With passage of time, now sustainability of biocultural resources and related livelihoods are questioned with various environmental and anthropogenic factors. Present study reports biocultural value of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">tara</i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal"> </i>(<i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Calamus erectus</i> Roxb.) for <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi</i> tribe and its conservation by them. Study was conducted in selected villages of East Siang district <span style="mso-bidi-language:BN" lang="EN-GB">(in subtropical climate) of Arunachal Pradesh. Methods used for data collection include personal interviews, participant observations, transect walking and historical and anthropological records from selected <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi </i>members. Results indicated that <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">tara</i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"> </i>is an important resource for making house roof and handicrafts. The handicrafts are important source of income for <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi </i>women. In remote villages, a considerable number of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi </i>people depend on <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">tara</i> therefore they conserve it. Elderly <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi</i> members living in remote villages have greater amount of biocultural knowledge on use of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">tara</i>. Conservation status of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Calamus erectus</i> was observed to be greater in community forests which are managed by indigenous informal institution- called <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Kebang</i> headed by <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Gaon Burha</i>. The prime need of the time is to plan strategy for participatory conservation of<i> tara</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> (<i>Calamus </i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">erectus</i>) by involving <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi</i> people and giving them economic incentives. <i>Tara</i> has been in use of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Adi</i> members of mountain ecosystems for generations with cultural attachment, hence there is a need of policy to promote its use with the help of scientific value addition that may promote economic viability of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Calamus erectus</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> even in the changing social systems also. </span></span></span></span></span>
Description: 514-519
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.11(3) [July 2012]

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