NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research (JSIR) >
JSIR Vol.71 [2012] >
JSIR Vol.71(05) [May 2012] >


Title: Modeling and optimization of a natural convection-based agricultural dryer
Authors: Kumar, Rajesh
Ravikrishna, R V
Keywords: Agricultural Dryer
Computational fluid dynamic (CFD)
Natural Convection
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: This study presents development of a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model to predict unsteady, two-dimensional temperature, moisture and velocity distributions inside a novel, biomass-fired, natural convection-type agricultural dryer. Results show that in initial stages of drying, when material surface is wet and moisture is easily available, moisture removal rate from surface depends upon the condition of drying air. Subsequently, material surface becomes dry and moisture removal rate is driven by diffusion of moisture from inside to the material surface. An optimum 9-tray configuration is found to be more efficient than for the same mass of material and volume of dryer. A new configuration of dryer, mainly to explore its potential to increasing uniformity in drying across all trays, is also analyzed. This configuration involves diverting a portion of hot air before it enters over the first tray and is supplied directly at an intermediate location in the dryer. Uniformity in drying across trays has increased for the kind of material simulated.
Page(s): 316-323
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.71(05) [May 2012]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
JSIR 71(5) 316-323.pdf304.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 526 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 576312 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 26-Aug-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in