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Title: Efficacy of some medicinal plants against human dental pathogens
Authors: Pathak, Anupama
Sardar, Aparna
Kadam, Vynkatesh
Rekadwad, Bhagwan
Karuppayil, S Mohan
Keywords: Dental pathogen;Dental caries;Medicinal plants;Emblica officinalis;Terminalia bellirica;Syzygium aromaticum
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2012
IPC Code: Int. cl. (2011.01)- A61K 36/00, A61P 31/04
Abstract: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent diseases having multifactorial etiology. Most of the treatments in dental caries is aimed at either elimination or suppression of bacteria by antibiotics. Increased resistance of oral bacteria to antibiotics however, has developed keen interest of researcher in herbal treatment. In our investigation we have screened nine medicinal plants from Marathwada region. We have proved effective inhibition of dental pathogens by aqueous extract of plants. Amongst selected plants leaves of Emblica officinalis Gaertn. syn. Phyllanthus emblica Linn. and Terminalia bellirica Roxb. and flowers of Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill & Perry showed three to four times more inhibition in comparison with effective antibiotics like Carbenicillin, Tetracycline, Nalidixic acid and Nitrofurantoin of four dental pathogens, viz. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans isolated by us.
Page(s): 123-127
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.3(1) [March 2012]

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