Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/13798
Title: <span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language: HI" lang="EN-GB">Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Hemionitis arifolia </i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:PT-BR;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI; mso-bidi-font-style:italic" lang="PT-BR">(Burm.) <span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI; mso-bidi-font-style:italic" lang="EN-GB">Moore</span></span></span>
Authors: Hima Bindu N, SVSSSL
Devi, P Suvarnalatha
Rukmini, K
Charya, M A Singara
Keywords: <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">Hemionitis arifolia</span></i>
Phytochemical screening
Antibacterial activity
Tirumala hills
Issue Date: Mar-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: <b><span style="font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">Int. cl. (2011.01)—</span></b><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;color:black;mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">A61K 36/00, <span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-GB; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI" lang="EN-GB">A61P 31/04</span></span>
Abstract: <i><span style="font-size:11.0pt; font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:pt-br;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi"="" lang="PT-BR">Hemionitis arifolia</span></i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:pt-br;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"="" lang="PT-BR"> (Burm.) <span style="font-size:11.0pt; font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-gb;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"="" lang="EN-GB">Moore<span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-gb;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;="" mso-bidi-font-style:italic"="" lang="EN-GB"> of family<i> </i>Hemionitidaceae<span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-gb;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="" lang="EN-GB"> is one of the endemic and widely distributed species on Tirumala hills of Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India. Ethnomedicinally, the genus is important and popularly known as <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Ramabanum<span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">. </span></i>It has been used in burns, menstrual disorders, anti-flatulence and antifertility.<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"> Eight&nbsp; different organic solvents were used to extract the bioactive compounds from the whole plant to screen the phytochemical and antibacterial activity against infectious disease causing bacterial pathogens such as <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Enterobacter aerogens, Klebsiella pnemoniae, Salmonella paratyphi A, Ralstonia eutropha, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi B, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus sphericus, Bacillus sterothermophilus </i>and<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"> Micrococcus luteus<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> </span></i><span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">by agar well diffusion method. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of flavonoid, steroids and glycosides along with reducing sugar in all the extracts investigated<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight:bold">. Gram-negative bacteria such as <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphi A </i>and <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Enterobacter aerogens</i> were more susceptible to the crude extracts than Gram-positive bacteria. Hence, at any rate <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Hemionitis arifolia</i> is an attractive material for further research leading to possible drug development.</span></span></span></span></span></span></span>
Description: 9-13
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13798
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.3(1) [March 2012]

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