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Title: Cadmium tolerance and antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from waste stabilization ponds
Authors: Patra, Sova
Das, T K
Avila, C
Cabello, V
Castillo, F
Sarkar (Paria), D
Lahiri (Ganguly), Susmita
Jana, B B
Keywords: Antibiotic Resistance;Cadmium Tolerance;Escherichia coli;Waste Stabilization Pond
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The incidence pattern of cadmium tolerance and antibiotics resistance by Escherichia coli was examined periodically from the samples of water, sludge and intestine of fish raised in waste stabilization ponds in a sewage treatment plant. Samples of water and sludge were collected from all the selected ponds and were monitored for total counts of fecal coliform (FC), total coliform (TC) and the population of Escherichia coli, which was also obtained from the intestine of fishes. Total counts of both FC and TC as well as counts of E. coli were markedly reduced from the facultative pond to the last maturation pond. Tolerance limit to cadmium by E. coli tended to decline as the distance of the sewage effluent from the source increased; the effective lethal concentration of cadmium ranged from 0.1 mM in split chamber to 0.05 mM in first maturation pond. E. coli isolated from water, sludge and fish gut were sensitive to seven out of ten antibiotics tested. It appears that holistic functions mediated through the mutualistic growth of micro algae and heterotrophic bacteria in the waste stabilization ponds were responsible for the promotion of water quality and significant reduction of coliform along the sewage effluent gradient.
Page(s): 300-307
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.50(04) [April 2012]

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