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Title: Nutritional status of adolescents of Baiga - A primitive tribe of Central India
Authors: Chakma, Tapas
Singh, S B
Meshram, Pradeep
Rao, P V
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Adolescents constitute about 25% of population and form an important physiological group whose nutritional need demands a special attention. Due to increased physical activity, caloric and protein requirements are maximal. Moreover, because of poor eating habits and other factors like menstruation and pregnancy contribute in accentuating the potential risk for poor nutrition among adolescent girls. Baigas are listed as one of the primitive tribes of Central India. There is no data regarding diet and nutritional status of adolescents of tribe. A cross sectional study was carried out in 2002 in the Baigachak area of Dindori District, Madhya Pradesh. Eight villages were selected randomly and four hundred households consisting of 434 adolescents between the age of 10 and 18 years were included for this study. Diet survey was carried out by 24 hours recall method. The extent of underweight and stunting was assessed using standard deviation classification. Statistical significance between rural and tribal data was evaluated by Students 't'-test. The average daily intake of cereals was significantly higher among tribal adolescents as compared to rural adolescents. Intake of Fat, Iron, Carotene, Riboflavin and Vitamin-C were 60% lower than the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA). About 62% of tribal adolescents in both genders were underweight (< median to -2 SD) and 52% stunted. This was higher than the rural adolescents at 42% and 39%, respectively. High prevalence of underweight and stunting observed among tribal adolescents than rural adolescents. Hence special nutrition supplementation programme aimed at adolescents should be launched to improve their nutritional status.
Page(s): 149-157
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.19(2) [December 2011]

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