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|Title:||Progression of early phase diabetic nephropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: Evaluation of various kidney-related parameters|
|Keywords:||Diabetes;Diabetic Nephropathy;Glycosaminoglycans;Microalbuminuria;Type IV Collagen|
|Abstract:||Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the serious secondary complications of diabetes, which results in end-stage renal failure. Reports on the progressive nature of early phase DN especially with respect to kidney parameters such as kidney weight, type IV collagen excretion, total kidney and urinary glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are few. This work was undertaken to determine systematically the progression of early phase DN in relation to various kidney-related parameters for a period of four months. Experimentally-induced diabetic rats were grouped based on fasting blood glucose levels. Various basic and kidney-related parameters such as kidney weight, microalbuminuria, urinary excretion of GAGs and type IV collagen, total kidney GAGs, histopathology, glomerular area and glomerular volume were examined in control and diabetic rats. There was a progressive increase in fasting blood sugar, urine sugar, kidney weight, microalbuminuria, urine glycosaminoglycans, urine type IV collagen, glomerular area and glomerular volume but there was a progressive decrease in kidney glycosaminoglycans. Glomerular sclerotic condition was aggravated with the increase in duration of diabetes from 1 to 4 months. Onset of DN in rats begins subtly after one month of diabetes but gets vitiated and more pronounced at the end of four months.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.50(02) [February 2012]|
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