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Title: Role of IL-10 in immune suppression in cervical cancer
Authors: Bhairavabhotla, Ravi Kiran
Verma, Veena
Tongaonkar, Hemant
Shastri, Surendra
Dinshaw, Ketayun
Chiplunkar, Shubhada
Keywords: Cervical cancer
Human papilloma virus
Regulatory T cells (Tregs)
Immune suppression
Issue Date: Oct-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in the women worldwide and the most frequent in developing countries, including India. Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the major etiological factor in cervical cancer patients. Host factors are also critical in regulating tumor growth and cytokines that modulate immunologic control may be of particular importance. In the present study, we investigated the correlation between the presence of HPV and type of cytokines expressed in cervical carcinomas and attempted to elucidate the possible reasons for the immune suppression. Cytokines investigated were type-1 cytokine IFN-ϒ (shows immunostimulatory function and capable of limiting tumor growth) and type-2 cytokines IL-4, IL-10 and IL-6 (show immunosuppressive function and capable of stimulating tumor growth). Our data demonstrated the presence of HPV sub-types 16 and 18 in 86% and 13.8% of cervical tumor biopsies, respectively. The cervical tumor biopsies showed increased presence for mRNA for IL-10 and IL-1α, while none of the biopsies showed expression for IFN-ϒ. A correlation was observed between the presence of HPV in cervical tumor biopsies and mRNA for IL-10. Increased percentages of CD4⁺CD25⁺ regulatory T cells (Tregs) were observed in circulation in cervical cancer patients, providing evidence for increased immune suppression. IL-10 may play a key role in maintenance of Tregs and explains the immunosuppressive state of cervical cancer patients.
Page(s): 350-356
ISSN: 0301-1208
Source:IJBB Vol.44(5) [October 2007]

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