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Title: Synthesis and properties of fatty acid esters of cellulose
Authors: Wei, Yuping
Cheng, Fa
Hou, Guili
Keywords: Cellulose
Cellulose esterification
Cellulose esters
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Cellulose esters with linear aliphatic acyl substituents [C8 (octanoyl chloride) to C18 (stearoyl chloride)] were synthesized in homogeneous solution (DMAc/LiCl) using triethylamine (TEA) as acid-scavenger and characterized by means of elemental analysis, FT-IR and CP/MAS ¹³C Solid State NMR spectroscopy. Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that solvent exchange has no effects on the crystallinity of cellulose, but crystallinity structure was destroyed after esterification in DMAc/LiCl homogeneous solution. SEM results suggested that fibril structure was also destroyed after esterification. Glass transition temperature (T ℊ) of cellulose octaonate (C8) increased linearly with degree of substitution (DS) from 61°C for 0.08 to 172°C for 1.57. At the experimental conditions, side-chain crystallization occurred with increasing linear aliphatic side-chain length to C18.
Page(s): 1019-1024
ISSN: 0022-4456
Source:JSIR Vol.66(12) [December 2007]

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