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Title: The ethnobotany and nutritional values of wild rice [Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf] (Poaceae) in Manipur
Authors: Jain, Alka
Singh, H Birkumar
Bhattacharyya, PR
Keywords: Wild rice (Zizania latifolia)
Ethnobotany
Edible
Food value
Manipur
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC CodeInt. Cl.8: A61K 36/00, C09K 15/00, C01G 28/00, C22 30.04, A23L 1/29, A23L 2/66, A23J 3/14
Abstract: Wild rice [Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz ex stapf.)], locally called ‘Kambong’ or ‘Ishing-kambong’ (in Manipuri) is an aquatic/wetland plant of Manipur and is used for various purposes by the ethnic people ranging from food to fodder, thatch roofing, firewood substitute, house wall plastering material, etc. The infected gall forming culm (infected with the fungus Ustilago esculenta P. Henn.) is highly eaten by the local people of Manipur and regarded as delicacy and fetching Rs 28-55 per kg and is a source of livelihood for a section of rural populace. The galls are nutritious with protein (8.13%), carbohydrate (13.82%) and with other micro and macro-nutrients. The edible part of the plant is also having good antioxidant properties like total phenolics (84.1 mg GAE/g dry weight of plant), total flavonoides (7mg QE/g dry wt of plant) and antiradical power value of 10.4. Presence of toxic arsenic (0.09 ppm) in wild rice is much below the permissible limit and hence quite safe for consumption. The tender shoot of this plant is fondly eaten by Cervus eldi eldi McClelland, a critically endangered deer species of the world and also the ‘state animal’ of Manipur.
Page(s): 66-69
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Source:IJTK Vol.11(1) [January 2012]

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