Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/13343
Title: Antifungal activity of essential oils against selected building fungi
Authors: Verma, Rajesh K
Chaurasia, Leena
Kumar, Manisha
Keywords: Antifungal
Building fungi
Essential oils
Minimum inhibition concentration
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: Int. cl. (2011.01)—A61K 36/00, A61P 31/10
Abstract: Fungi can cause damage to the structures, decoration of buildings and are also responsible for their indoor air quality. In this study, the antifungal activity of essential oils of selected plant species, viz. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Piper nigrum</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Linn., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Ricinus communis</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Linn., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Cedrus deodara</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style: italic"> (Roxb.) Loud., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Syzygium aromaticum</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> (Linn.) Merrill &amp; Perry, <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Eucalyptus globulus</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Labill., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Citrus aurantium</i><span style="color:black;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Linn., <span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">C. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">limon</i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> (Linn.) Burm. f., <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Olea europaea</i><span style="color:black;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Linn. and <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Mentha piperita</i> Linn. were assayed for fungi toxicity against two genus, viz. <i>Aspergillus niger</i> and <i>Geotrichum candidum</i>. The highest and broadest activity was shown by the essential oils of <i>S. aromaticum</i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">, <span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">C. limon, <span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">C. aurantium</span></span></i> and <i>M. piperita</i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">,</i> while the oils of <i>R. communis</i><i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">, <span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">C. deodara</span></i> and <i>O. europaea </i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style: italic">demonstrated the lowest level of antifungal activity among the oil tested as compared to standard drug,<span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> Ketoconazole. The 5 ppm concentration of essential oils of <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">S<span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">. aromaticum, <span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">C. limon</span></span></i> and <i>M. piperita </i><span style="mso-bidi-font-style:italic">completely<i> </i>inhibited the mycelial growth of <i>A. niger </i>and<i> G. candidum</i> to the same extent as 5 ppm of Ketoconazole. However, the 5 ppm concentration of essential oil of <i>C. aurantium</i> completely<i> </i>inhibited the mycelial growth of <i>G. candidum</i> at 10 ppm concentration to the same extent as 5 ppm concentration of Ketoconazole in positive control. Knowledge gained through this research may lead to find out the safer, biodegradable, renewable, cheaper, target specific alternative of restricted fungicides for fungi management in buildings. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>
Description: 448-451
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13343
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.2(4) [December 2011]

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