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Title: Antifungal activity of essential oils against selected building fungi
Authors: Verma, Rajesh K
Chaurasia, Leena
Kumar, Manisha
Keywords: Antifungal
Building fungi
Essential oils
Minimum inhibition concentration
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Series/Report no.: Int. cl. (2011.01)—A61K 36/00, A61P 31/10
Abstract: Fungi can cause damage to the structures, decoration of buildings and are also responsible for their indoor air quality. In this study, the antifungal activity of essential oils of selected plant species, viz. Piper nigrum Linn., Ricinus communis Linn., Cedrus deodara (Roxb.) Loud., Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merrill & Perry, Eucalyptus globulus Labill., Citrus aurantium Linn., C. limon (Linn.) Burm. f., Olea europaea Linn. and Mentha piperita Linn. were assayed for fungi toxicity against two genus, viz. Aspergillus niger and Geotrichum candidum. The highest and broadest activity was shown by the essential oils of S. aromaticum, C. limon, C. aurantium and M. piperita, while the oils of R. communis, C. deodara and O. europaea demonstrated the lowest level of antifungal activity among the oil tested as compared to standard drug, Ketoconazole. The 5 ppm concentration of essential oils of S. aromaticum, C. limon and M. piperita completely inhibited the mycelial growth of A. niger and G. candidum to the same extent as 5 ppm of Ketoconazole. However, the 5 ppm concentration of essential oil of C. aurantium completely inhibited the mycelial growth of G. candidum at 10 ppm concentration to the same extent as 5 ppm concentration of Ketoconazole in positive control. Knowledge gained through this research may lead to find out the safer, biodegradable, renewable, cheaper, target specific alternative of restricted fungicides for fungi management in buildings.
Description: 448-451
ISSN: 0976-0512 (Online); 0976-0504 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.2(4) [December 2011]

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