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Title: Ameliorative effect of daidzein: A caveolin-1 inhibitor in vascular endothelium dysfunction induced by ovariectomy
Authors: Sharma, Saurabh
Singh, Manjeet
Sharma, Pyare Lal
Keywords: Caveolin;Estrogen;Vascular endothelium dysfunction;Ovariectomy
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Estrogen deficiency was produced in female Sprague-Dawley rats by surgical removal of both the ovaries and these animals were used 4 weeks later. Endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent relaxations due to acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside were observed respectively, in isolated rat thoracic aortic ring preparation. Extent of lipid peroxidation was measured by estimating serum TBARS. Integrity of vascular endothelium was assessed using hematoxylin and eosin staining. Generation of nitric oxide was measured indirectly, by estimating serum and urinary nitrite/nitrate concentration. Ovariectomy produced significant vascular endothelial dysfunction, measured in terms of reduced acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, serum and urinary nitrite/nitrate concentration and impairment of integrity of vascular endothelium. Administration of daidzein (0.2 mgkg-1day-1, sc 0.4 mgkg-1day-1, sc and 0.8 mgkg-1day-1, sc) and Atorvastatin (30 mgkg-1day-1, po Positive Control) for one week markedly improved vascular endothelial dysfunction due to increase in nitric oxide bioavailability perhaps by inhibiting caveolin-1 and activation of PI3K-AKT pathway.
Page(s): 28-34
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.50(01) [January 2012]

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