Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/13300
Title: Depth distribution of selected geogenic radionuclides (<sup>40</sup>K, <sup>226</sup>Ra, <sup>232</sup>Th) and anthropogenic <sup>137</sup>Cs in an undisturbed forest soil in East Slovenia
Authors: Mabit, Lionel
Dornhofer, Patcharin
Martin, Paul
Toloza, Arsenio
Zupanc, Vesna
Keywords: <sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">137</span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">Cs</span>
<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">40</span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">K</span>
<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">226</span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">Ra</span>
<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">232</span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family: "Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Mangal;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:HI">Th</span>
Radium equivalent activity
External gamma dose rate
Radionuclides
Issue Date: Jan-2012
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">To reinforce Slovenian radioecological survey information, 20 soil profiles divided into four depth increments of 10<sup><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-gb;="" mso-bidi-language:hi"="">&nbsp;</span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt; font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi"="">cm were collected in an undisturbed forest in east Slovenia (46<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family: " times="" new="" roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;="" mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">°<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">44<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">¢<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">N, 16<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">°<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">7<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">¢<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">E) to establish the natural (<sup>40</sup>K, <sup>226</sup>Ra and <sup>232</sup>Th) and anthropogenic (<sup>137</sup>Cs) level of radioactivity.<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi"=""> <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">Using gamma spectrometry and depending<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" mangal","serif";="" mso-ascii-font-family:"times="" new="" roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:="" en-us;mso-bidi-language:th"="" lang="TH"> <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family: " times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:="" mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:="" th"="">on<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"=""> the depth increment, the average activity concentration of radionuclides<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi"=""> ranged from <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">0.5 to 70 Bq kg<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">1 </span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">for<sup> 137</sup>Cs, from 535 to 703 Bq kg<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol; mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:="" en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;="" mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">1 </span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">for<sup> 40</sup>K, from 49 to 52 Bq kg<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol; mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:="" en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;="" mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">1 </span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">for<sup> 226</sup>Ra and from 54 to 62 Bq kg<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol; mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";="" mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:="" en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;="" mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">1 </span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">for<sup> 232</sup>Th. Based on top soil data (0-10 cm), t<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family: " times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:="" mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:="" hi;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"="">he radium equivalent activity (<i><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">R</span></i><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">a<sub>eq</sub><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"="">) is <span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">167 ± 7<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;="" mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi"=""> Bq kg<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">1</span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-us;mso-bidi-language:hi"="">, while<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"=""> absorbed dose rate (<i>D</i>) due to external gamma radiation of 79 ± 3 nGy h<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"="">1</span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"=""> is higher than the world population-weighted average, reported as 58 nGy h<sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Symbol;mso-ascii-font-family:" times="" new="" roman";="" mso-fareast-font-family:"times="" roman";mso-hansi-font-family:"times="" mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;mso-fareast-language:en-us;="" mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-char-type:symbol;mso-symbol-font-family:symbol"="">-<span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"="">1</span></span></sup><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:" times="" new="" roman","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:="" "times="" roman";mso-bidi-font-family:mangal;mso-ansi-language:en-us;="" mso-fareast-language:en-gb;mso-bidi-language:hi;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"=""> by UNSCEAR. </span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span></span>
Description: 45-48
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13300
ISSN: 0975-1041 (Online); 0019-5596 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJPAP Vol.50(01) [January 2012]

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