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IJFTR Vol.36(4) [December 2011] >


Title: Assembling technologies for functional garments—An overview
Authors: Jana, Prabir
Keywords: Assembling technologies for functional garments—An overview
Bonding
Garment
Sewing
Welding
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Functional garments have higher functional properties and lesser aesthetic properties. They can be workwear, active sportswear, medical wear, personal protective garments, and smart garments. The fibre contents used are mainly polyester, polyethylene, kevlar, and spandex blends which can be woven, knitted and nonwoven, albeit the list is increasing day by day to include speciality fibres like bamboo, banana to name a few. These garments are made up by joining several pattern pieces together and the pieces, in turn, are joined with accessories comprising membranes, linings, buttons, zippers, tapes and waddings to create a composite garment. While fabric can be joined by sewing, seam welding or bonding technique, accessories can be joined by sewing, welding, pasting or using combination method. Some functional garments are made seamless thus requiring little or no assembling technologies. Different new technologies for joining fabric pieces and assembling of accessories have been explored so far. There is a distinct shift towards use of welding and bonding technologies in functional clothing because of the reduced bulk and weight, cleaner appearance and sealing qualities offered by them. Some challenges still continue to exist. This paper reports the distinguished characteristics and developments in assembling technologies, such as sewing, welding and bonding along with the challenges ahead in this area.
Page(s): 380-387
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Source:IJFTR Vol.36(4) [December 2011]

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