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|Title:||Interleukin-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-induced iNOS expression in human lung carcinoma A549 cells: Involvement of STAT and MAPK pathways|
|Keywords:||Human lung carcinoma|
Interleukin-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>
|Abstract:||For understanding of signaling molecules important in lung cancer growth and progression, IL-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0> effect was analyzed on iNOS expression and key signaling molecules in human lung carcinoma A549 cells and established the role of specific signaling molecules by using specific chemical inhibitors.<b style=""> </b>IL-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0> exposure (10 ng/ml) induced strong iNOS expression in serum starved A549 cells. Detailed molecular analyses showed that IL-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0> increased expression of phosphorylated STAT1 (Tyr701 and Ser727) and STAT3 (Tyr705 and Ser727) both in total cell lysates and nuclear lysates. Further, IL-1b exposure strongly activated MAPKs (ERK1/2, JNK1/2 and p38) and Akt as well as increased nuclear levels of NF-κB and HIF-1<img src='/image/spc_char/alpha.gif' border=0> in A549 cells. Use of specific chemical inhibitors for JAK1 kinase (piceatannol), JAK2 kinase (AG-490), MEK1/2 (PD98059) and JNK1/2 (SP600125) revealed that IL-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-induced iNOS expression involved signaling pathways in addition to JAK-STAT and ERK1/2-JNK1/2 activation. Overall, these results suggested that instead of specific pharmacological inhibitors, use of chemopreventive agents with broad spectrum efficacy to inhibit IL-1<img src='/image/spc_char/beta.gif' border=0>-induced signaling cascades and iNOS expression would be a better strategy towards lung cancer prevention and/or treatment.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.49(11) [November 2011]|
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