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Title: Free radical reactions of a naturally occurring flavone baicalein and possible mechanisms towards its membrane protective properties
Authors: Adhikari, S
Tilak, Jai C
Devasagayam, T P A
Keywords: Baicalein
Rat liver mitochondria
Rat heart homogenate
Lipid peroxidation
Pulse radiolysis
Hydroxyl radical
Peroxyl radical
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Baicalein (5, 6, 7-trihydroxy-2-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one), a naturally occurring flavone present in some of the medicinal plants is known for its potential therapeutic effects, such as cardioprotective, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. However, detailed role and mechanisms behind its protective properties against different generators for oxidative stress have not been examined. In the present study, we investigated the possible protective ability of baicalein against the membrane damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and the mechanisms involved using pulse radiolysis technique. Baicalein offered efficient protection even at a concentration of 10 M towards membrane damage caused by lipid peroxidation induced by the -radiation, peroxyl radicals, ascorbate-Fe2+ and peroxynitrite in rat liver mitochondria and heart homogenate. To elucidate its reaction mechanisms with biologically relevant radicals, transient absorption spectroscopy employing pulse radiolysis technique was used. Baicalein showed fairly high rate constants (3.7 × 109, 1.3 × 109 and 8.0 × 108 dm3 mol-1 s-1 for hydroxyl, azidyl and alkylchloroperoxyl radicals, respectively), suggesting that baicalein can act as an effective scavenger of these radicals. In each case, the phenoxyl radical of baicalein was generated. Thus, it was evident that the phenolic moiety of baicalein was responsible for the free radical scavenging process. Baicalein also reacts with linoleic acid peroxyl radical (LOO·), indicating its ability to act as a chain breaking antioxidant. Peroxynitrite-mediated radicals were shown to be reactive towards baicalein and the bimolecular rate constants were 2.5 × 107 and 3 × 108 dm3 mol-1 s-1 for ·NO2 and CO3·- radicals, respectively. In conclusion, our results revealed the potential of baicalein in protecting mitochondrial membrane against oxidative damage induced by the four different agents. We propose that the protective effect is mediated via scavenging of primary and secondary radicals generated during oxidative stress.
Description: 275-282
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.48(4) [August 2011]

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