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Title: HSP70 Expression and its Role in Preeclamptic Stress
Authors: Ekambaram, Padmini
Keywords: Preeclampsia;HSP70;Stress;Mint-tea;Ureaplasma urealyticum
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Preeclampsia, a hypertensive pregnancy-specific disorder, has long been analyzed for its association with cellular stress. It still remains one of the most serious complications of pregnancy. It is a multi-system disorder that affects maternal vascular function and fetal growth. The physiopathology of preeclampsia is still unclear, but an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants, appears to be an important contributing factor. Oxidative stress has been increasingly postulated as a major contributor to endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia (PE). The ROS promotes lipid oxidation and are known to induce stress proteins, such as hemeoxygenase 1 (HO-1) and heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70). Embryonic and placental cells are highly sensitive to oxidative stress due to their proliferate nature. Endothelial cell dysfunction is suggested to be a part of wider maternal inflammatory reaction responsible for the clinical syndrome of preeclampsia. Part of the dysfunction in endothelial cell and trophoblast is attributed to oxidative stress developed during pregnancy. The disequilibrium in compensatory antioxidant control is proposed as a causative mechanism in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. HSP70 acts as the secondary line of defense in systems with compromised antioxidant function. This article reviews the differential expression of HSP70 and the effect of mint-tea therapy to modulate preeclamptic oxidative damage.
Page(s): 243-255
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.48(4) [August 2011]

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