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IJFTR Vol.36(3) [September 2011] >


Title: Optimization of thermophile Bacillus licheniformis -amylase desizing of cotton fabrics
Authors: Saravanan, D
Prakash, A Arul
Jagadeeshwaran, D
Nalankilli, G
Ramachandran, T
Prabakaran, C
Keywords: Absorbency
-amylase
Cotton
Desizing
Flexural rigidity
Reducing sugar
Signal-to-noise ratio
Issue Date: Sep-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Desizing of cotton fabrics using thermophile -amylases has been studied using Taguchi methods in terms of release of reducing sugars from starch, absorbency, flexural rigidity and weight loss of the desized fabrics. The effect of treatment time, pH, enzyme concentration and temperature on desizing efficiency has been investigated to optimize the process parameters. Residual matters after desizing are found to be at lower levels compared to that observed in acid desized samples and this results in significant improvement in the absorbency of the samples. The pH and amylase concentration exhibit the dominant effects followed by the treatment time on the desizing efficiency. 3.0 g/L acidic -amylase, 6.0 pH, 40 min treatment time and 85o C temperature are found to result in the higher weight loss of the desized fabrics.
Page(s): 253-258
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Source:IJFTR Vol.36(3) [September 2011]

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