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Title: Effect of combination of thalidomide and sulfasalazine in experimentally induced inflammatory bowel disease in rats
Authors: Prakash, O
Medhi, B
Saikia, UN
Pandhi, P
Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease;Malondialdehyde;Myeloperoxidase;Sulfasalazine;Thalidomide;Tumor necrosis factor-
Issue Date: Sep-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Thalidomide provided significant protection against tri nitro benzene sulfonic acid induced colitis. Combination therapy also reduced colonic inflammation and all the biochemical parameters (myeloperoxidase assay, malondialdehyde assay and tumor necrosis factor- , estimation) were significant as compared to control as well as thalidomide alone treated group. Combination therapy showed additive effect of thalidomide which restored lipid peroxidation as well as reduced myeloperoxidase and TNF- towards the normal levels. Morphological and histological scores were significantly reduced in combination groups. In experimental model of colitis, oral administration of thalidomide (150 mg/kg) alone as well as its combination with sulfasalazine (360 mg/kg) significantly reduced the colonic inflammation. The results indicate the additive effect of thalidomide with sulfasalazine in rat colitis model which requires further confirmation in human studies.
Page(s): 672-678
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.49(09) [September 2011]

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