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Title: Effect of sowing time of chickpea on its yield and plant growth in North –Western part of India
Authors: Singh, Tej Pal
Deshmukh, P S
Nagar, R V S
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The cultivation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is done on 35% area of the total area under pulses in India. Chickpea contributes 45% towards production of pulses. India’s share of chickpea in world level is about 67%. Chickpea is third most important pulse crop of the world. It is an excellent crop from diversification point of view. With limited resources, chickpea is more renumerative crop in north-western parts of India than wheat because it requires comparatively less inputs. More than 85% of chickpea is grown under rainfed areas and also grown on conserved soil moisture after the harvest of kharif crop . An experiment was conducted at I.A.R.I. New Delhi with three dates of sowing i.e. 15 November, 30 November and 15 December. It was observed that 30th November was better date of sowing than 15th November and 15ThDecember . Due to comparatively low temperature experienced by the crop in which growth of flowers, pod formation and seed development were better in perforamance. Late planting reduces the biomass production but increases harvest index. In early planting due to low temperature at flowering stage flowers and pods dropping was more resulting in poor yield. On the other hand in advance lines the harvest index of the genotypes was high. Though the biomass was poor resulting into the low seed yield. Therefore, date of sowing 30th  November was more appropriate for chickpea planting under north western parts of India. Seed yield per plant and number of seed per pod were higher on this date of sowing in comparison to other two dates of sowing i.e. 15 Nov. and 15 Dec. The yield of the crop sown on 30th November was 10% more than the crop sown on 15th November and 22%more than the crop sown on 15th December. The yield of advance lines was much more in comparison to the released genotypes.
Page(s): 31-35
ISSN: 0975-2412 (Online); 0771-7706 (Print)
Appears in Collections:BVAAP Vol.19(1) [June 2011]

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