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Title: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from the rhizome of Canna indica Linn
Authors: Indrayan, A K
Bhojak, N K
Kumar, Nikhil
Shatru, Ajat
Gaur, Abhishek
Keywords: Canna indica
Canna orientalis
Essential oil composition
Palmitic acid
Issue Date: Aug-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The essential oil of the rhizome of Canna indica Linn. (yellow flower variety) has been isolated by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC and GC/MS. Forty-three compounds representing 95.32% of the oil have been identified. The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and their derivatives form the major part (52.56%). The major terpene/terpenoid constituents of the essential oil of rhizome are -eudesmol (9.79%), δ-cadinol (6.33%), -selinene (5.23%) and luciferin (5.05%). Surprisingly, certain fatty acids are also found to be present in noticeable amount, palmitic acid (8.53%) being the main. The oil showed good antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus but mild activity against Bacillus subtilis
Description: 1136-1139
ISSN: 0975-0983(Online); 0376-4699(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-B Vol.50B(08) [August 2011]

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