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Title: Chemomodulatory effect of Dolichos biflorus Linn. on skin and forestomach papillomagenesis in Swiss albino mice
Authors: Nanta, Rajesh
Kale, Raosaheb K
Keywords: Benzo(a)pyrene;Chemomodulation;Dolichos biflorus
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Effect of consumption of three different doses (2%, 4% and 6%, w/w) of Dolichos biflorus Linn. seeds on hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, reduced glutathione content, lactate dehydrogenase and lipid peroxidation in Swiss albino mice has been reported. Anti-carcinogenic effect has been studied by 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA)-induced skin and benzo(a)pyrene[B(a)P]-induced forestomach papillomagenesis models. D. biflorus consumption resulted in a significant increase in hepatic carcinogen metabolizing enzyme systems especially at 4% and 6% doses. Significant increase in reduced glutathione content (GSH) and specific activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and glutathione reductase (GR) in liver of mice, at 4% and 6% doses has been reported. Lactate dehydrogensae (LDH) activity and peroxidative damage has been significantly decreased at 4% and 6% doses. In skin papillomagenesis model, 4% and 6% dose in diet significantly reduced the tumor incidence (up to 25%), tumor multiplicity (up to 59%) and tumor volume per mouse (up to 70%) as compared to DMBA treated group. Importantly, significant reduction in tumor incidence (up to 33%) and tumor multiplicity (up to 61%) was evident for forestomach papillomagenesis model.
Page(s): 483-490
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.49(07) [July 2011]

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