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Title: Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solution by chemically modified gingelly oil cake carbon
Authors: Nagashanmugam, K B
Srinivasan, K
Keywords: Cr(VI) removal;Gingelly oil cake carbon;CAC;Adsorption isotherms;Kinetics;Chrome plating wastewater
Issue Date: May-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: An activated carbon is prepared from gingelly oil cake (GOC) by using sulphuric acid treatment and its Cr(VI) removal capacity is compared with that of commercial activated carbon (CAC). The effect of experimental parameters such as pH, initial concentration, contact time and adsorbents dose for Cr(VI) removal are studied. Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin models are tested to describe the equilibrium isotherms. The maximum adsorption capacity of the adsorbents calculated from Langmuir isotherm is found to be 30.58 mg/g and 25.13 mg/g for sulphuric acid treated gingelly oil cake carbon (STGOC) and CAC respectively. R2 values show that both Langmuir and Freundlich models fit well to explain the adsorption phenomenon for STGOC and CAC. The kinetic data fits best to pseudo second-order model. FTIR analysis is used to obtain information on the nature of possible interaction between adsorbents and metal ions. SEM images confirmed the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto these adsorbents through morphological observations. Gibbs free energy values showed the feasibility of process and spontaneous nature of the adsorption. The adsorbents are also tested for the removal of Cr(VI) from chrome plating wastewater and found to remove Cr(VI) effectively.
Page(s): 207-219
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.18(3) [May 2011]

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