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Title: Studies on fire and toxicity potential of bromo-butyl rubber of respiratory mask in a simulated closed environment
Authors: Kannan, G K
Kumar, N S
Keywords: Bromo-butyl rubber;Emission;Fire;Toxicity;Respiratory mask
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: This study aimed at evaluation of emission and fire characteristics of bromo-butyl rubber in closed and cone calorimetric conditions. Time to ignition was 30 s in cone calorimeter combustion, and flame out occurred at 315 s. Peak heat release rate (806.34 kW/m2) occurred at 68 s. CO and CO2 started to build up at 40 s. In closed environment, peak pressure build up was gradually raising from the negative pressure (-200 mbar) conditions, to highest positive pressure conditions (400 mbar). Temperature rise observed to be 10.5-21°C. Peak CO emissions ranged from 34-55 ppm in case of positive pressure experiments. In TGA study, Tmax was 440°C where 73% weight loss observed. Major observed emissions of bromo-butyl rubber were water vapour, CO, NO, CH4 and CO2. Risk hazard of bromo-butyl rubber based on flashover propensity, was high risk (x = 26.87) and based on total heat release was intermediate risk (y = 77.9) category. Computed toxicity index was very low in open controlled environment (0.02) and closed environment (0.06-0.18) conditions.
Page(s): 152-160
ISSN: 0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJCT Vol.18(2) [March 2011]

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