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|Title:||Studies on fire and toxicity potential of bromo-butyl rubber of respiratory mask in a simulated closed environment|
|Authors:||Kannan, G K|
Kumar, N S
|Abstract:||This study aimed at evaluation of emission and fire characteristics of bromo-butyl rubber in closed and cone calorimetric conditions. Time to ignition was 30 s in cone calorimeter combustion, and flame out occurred at 315 s. Peak heat release rate (806.34 kW/m<sup>2</sup>) occurred at 68 s. CO and CO<sub>2</sub> started to build up at 40 s. In closed environment, peak pressure build up was gradually raising from the negative pressure (-200 mbar) conditions, to highest positive pressure conditions (400 mbar). Temperature rise observed to be 10.5-21°C. Peak CO emissions ranged from 34-55 ppm in case of positive pressure experiments. In TGA study, <i style="">T</i><sub>max</sub> was 440°C where 73% weight loss observed. Major observed emissions of bromo-butyl rubber were water vapour, CO, NO, CH<sub>4</sub> and CO<sub>2</sub>. Risk hazard of bromo-butyl rubber based on flashover propensity, was high risk (<i style="">x</i> = 26.87) and based on total heat release was intermediate risk (<i style="">y</i> = 77.9) category. Computed toxicity index was very low in open controlled environment (0.02) and closed environment (0.06-0.18) conditions.|
|ISSN:||0975-0991 (Online); 0971-457X (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJCT Vol.18(2) [March 2011]|
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