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Title: Role of Freedom to Operate in Business with Proprietary Products
Authors: Sandal, Nidhi
Kumar, Avinash
Keywords: Infringement
Freedom to operate
Doctrine of equivalents
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: A comprehensive Freedom to Operate (FTO) analysis requires analysing all forms of valid intellectual property (IP) rights and associated agreements and contracts to ensure that development or launch of any particular product/process in a particular market, in a particular country does not infringe any IP right of third party. FTO opinion is usually a legal advice; however, R&D organizations engaged in frequent patenting may also need to develop their in-house capability for FTO analysis. This paper illustrates methodology for FTO analysis, limited to patent rights.
Description: 204-209
ISSN: 0975-1076 (Online); 0971-7544 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JIPR Vol.16(2) [March 2011]

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