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Title: Standardization of conventional propagation techniques for four medicinal species of genus Ficus Linn.
Authors: Mathew, Gracy
Skaria, Baby P.
Joseph, Ancy
Keywords: Medicinal plants;Ficus spp;Seed germination;Seed viability;Stem cuttings;Air layering;Propagation.
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. cl.(2011.01)—A61K 36/00, A01G 1/00
Abstract: The four Ficus species, viz. Ficus racemosa Linn. (Cluster fig), Ficus microcarpa Linn.f. (Chinese or Malayan banyan), Ficus religiosa Linn. (Peepal tree) and Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Banyan tree) belonging to the ‘Nalpamara’ group of medicinal trees possess immense medicinal values. The barks of these four Ficus species make a unique formulation to cure various uterine problems in women. Germination percentages of seeds of F. racemosa, F. microcarpa, F. religiosa and F. benghalensis are reported to be 5.0, 2.3, 27.7 and 82.0%, respectively. Therefore, studies were undertaken to standardise and compare various propagation methods for these species. Various seed treatments showed improvement in germination percentage. In F. racemosa and F. microcarpa there was drastic decrease in seed viability after six months. In F. religiosa viability started declining only after 12 months whereas F. benghalensis seeds retained satisfactory germination even after 18 months. Studies on vegetative propagation showed that all the four species showed poor rooting of stem cuttings. The percentage success of rooting was 10-12% in F. racemosa and F. religiosa and 18-20% in F. microcarpa and F. benghalensis. Air layering was found very successful in all the four species and the percentage success achieved was 80-90%. In F. racemosa success rate during May-June was only 40% whereas it was 90% during August–September.
Page(s): 88-96
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.2(1) [March 2011]

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