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IJNPR Vol.2(1) [March 2011] >
|Title: ||Standardization of conventional propagation techniques for four medicinal species of genus Ficus Linn.|
|Authors: ||Mathew, Gracy|
Skaria, Baby P.
|Keywords: ||Medicinal plants|
|Issue Date: ||Mar-2011 |
|Publisher: ||NISCAIR-CSIR, India|
|IPC Code: ||Int. cl.(2011.01)—A61K 36/00, A01G 1/00|
|Abstract: ||The four Ficus
species, viz. Ficus racemosa Linn. (Cluster fig), Ficus microcarpa
Linn.f. (Chinese or Malayan banyan), Ficus religiosa Linn. (Peepal
tree) and Ficus benghalensis Linn. (Banyan tree) belonging to the
‘Nalpamara’ group of medicinal trees possess immense medicinal values.
The barks of these four Ficus species make a unique formulation to cure
various uterine problems in women. Germination percentages of seeds of F.
racemosa, F. microcarpa, F. religiosa and
F. benghalensis are reported to be 5.0, 2.3, 27.7 and 82.0%, respectively.
Therefore, studies were undertaken to standardise and compare various
propagation methods for these species. Various seed treatments showed
improvement in germination percentage. In F. racemosa and F.
microcarpa there was drastic decrease in seed viability after six months.
In F. religiosa viability started declining only after 12 months whereas
F. benghalensis seeds retained satisfactory germination even after
18 months. Studies on vegetative propagation showed that all the four species
showed poor rooting of stem cuttings. The percentage success of rooting was 10-12% in F.
racemosa and F. religiosa and 18-20% in F. microcarpa and F.
layering was found very successful in all the four species and the percentage
success achieved was 80-90%. In F. racemosa success rate during May-June was only 40% whereas it was 90% during
|CC License: || CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India|
|ISSN: ||0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)|
|Source:||IJNPR Vol.2(1) [March 2011]|