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Title: Comparative anatomical studies on seeds of Mucuna Adans. and Canavalia DC. specie
Authors: Vijayambika, C
Jegadeesan, M
Ganthi, A Saravana
Keywords: Anatomical studies;Seeds;Atmagupta;Konch;Mucuna;Canavalia;Osteo-sclereids;Tracheid bar;Medicinal Plant.
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. cl.(2011.01)—A61K 36/00
Abstract: The corpus of anatomical knowledge has contributed tremendous share in systematic, interrelationship, physiology and pharmacognosy. Anatomical studies have become much relevant in the context of hundreds of new plants entering in to the crude phyto-drug markets to identify market samples which are sometimes adulterated with other species. The present study highlighted microscopic parameters of market samples of Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC., known as Atmagupta in Sanskrit and Konch in Hindi, to resolve the botanical identity of its seeds. Preliminary survey in Tamil Nadu also revealed that seeds of Mucuna pruriens and other six species, viz. M. cochinchinensis (Lour.) A. Chev., M. deeringiana (Bort) Merr., M. utilis Wight, M. atropurpurea (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Canavalia ensiformis (Linn.) DC. and C. virosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. are sold as Poonaikali. The features, viz., rim-aril, cuticle, palisade layer of osteo-sclereids or macrosclereids, hour glass cells, mesophylls and tracheid-bar are common to all the observed specimens. However, anatomical structures at hilar region are more important for diagnostic purpose. Shape and size of rim-aril also play major role in delimiting the taxa. The surface architecture of the seed at micropylar region also varies.
Page(s): 81-87
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJNPR Vol.2(1) [March 2011]

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