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Title: Synthesis of (+) Catechin Penta-acetate by Callus Culture of Himalayan Yew, Taxus wallichiana Zucc.
Authors: Agrawal, Shipra
Banerjee, Suchitra
Chattopadhyay, Sunil K
Shashidhar, K V
Gupta, Shiv Kumar
Kumar, Sushil
Keywords: Taxus wallichiana
Callus culture
(+) Catechin
(+) Catechin penta-acetate
O-acetyl CoA transferase
Issue Date: Apr-2003
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Calli were produced by culturing leaf, stembark, heartwood, root, seed and apical shoot tip explants of Taxus wallichiana from West Bengal Himalayan region. The explants were cultured in dark on a modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 3 g/ml Picloram (4-amino-3, 5, 6-tripicholinic acid), 2 g/ml 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and 0.25 g/ml Kinetin. The calli were sub-cultured at every 5-10 weeks interval to maintain the callus lines under similar conditions. A fast growing callus line Tws-179 was selected to study the growth kinetics and chemical constituents. This callus line grew logarithmically (G.I.= 9.28) after an initial lag period of three weeks till it attained the stationary phase in about 8 weeks of culture. During its log phase, the callus line produced (+) catechin at a level of 0.002 % of fresh callus weight and the acetylated form +) catechin penta-acetate at 0.05% level. Chemical examination of in vivo organs revealed that only (+) catechin at 0.175% was present in the stem bark, while neither (+) catachin nor (+) catachin penta acetate were found in detectable limits in other organs of T. wallichiana.
Page(s): 264-267
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Source:IJBT Vol.02(2) [April 2003]

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