NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT) >
IJBT Vol.02 [2003] >
IJBT Vol.02(1) [January 2003] >


Title: Hormonal Regulation of Moss Protonema Development and the Possible Origin of Plant Hormonal Responses in Bryophytes
Authors: D'Souza, Jacinta S
Johri, M M
Keywords: Funaria hygrometrica
Moss protonema
CDPKs
MBP kinase
Abscisic acid
Auxin
Calcium
Origin of hormonal responses
Issue Date: Jan-2003
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The protonema of mosses is a far simpler paradigm to understand the mechanism of hormonal action and tolerance to abiotic stresses in plants. Its developmental biology, responses to hormones and the similarity of signaling mechanisms with higher plants are reviewed. There is strong evidence for second messenger role of calcium ions in the action of cytokinin. Multiple calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are present in the protonema. The Funaria hygrometrica CDPK gene (FhCDPK) shows the characteristic catalytic and autoinhibitory domains, the four EF hands and the highest homology to CDPKs from higher plants but far lower to liverwort or other moss CDPK genes. A 38 kDa myelin basic protein kinase (MBP kinase) is activated within minutes by abscisic acid (ABA) and salinity. As ABA also confers tolerance against desiccation and freezing and the wheat ABA-inducible promoter is fully functional in mosses, the ABA signaling mechanism seems to be highly conserved. In plants, the CDPKs are involved not only in hormonal signaling but also in the acclimation response against abiotic stresses. The manipulation of signal transduction components such as transcription factors, CDPKs and calcineurin have emerged as viable strategies to genetically engineer the stress tolerant plants. There is increasing evidence to support the origin of plant hormonal responses at the level of bryophytes.
Page(s): 9-16
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Source:IJBT Vol.02(1) [January 2003]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJBT 2(1) 9-16.pdf1.91 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 484 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 559761 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 30-Jul-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in