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Title: Signals in the promoter regions of several cancerous genes
Authors: Das, Dibyajyoti
Mitra, Chanchal K
Keywords: Transcription factor
Promoter
miRNA
Cancerous gene
Nucleotide hexamer
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The eukaryotic core promoter regions are complex and fuzzy, usually lacking any conserved regions. However, they contain signals in the form of short stretches of nucleic acid sequences, for transcription start sites (TSS) that are recognized by the transcription factors (TFs). The core promoter region thus plays an important role in biological pathways (gene network and activation). It has been reported that these signals are composed of nucleotide hexamers in the promoter sequence (smaller sequences are likely to have too little information to be useful and longer sequences are too complex to be recognized by proteins) reasonably close to the TSS. The signals (nucleotide hexamers) have been identified by a similarity search on the eukaryotic promoter database (EPD, Homo sapiens). The signals have been classified, depending on their base composition. They have been have clustered using an algorithm, such that there are two and three nucleotide differences between the classes and a single nucleotide difference within a class. We have reclassified the hexamers taking the highest frequent hexamers present in the EPD (Homo sapiens) as the class representatives. Also we have tried to find whether the same composition is reflected on the miRNAs but found that they probably have other functions unrelated to promoter recognition. In this report melanoma carcinoma pathway has been chosen as the reference pathway and the promoters of the driver genes has been searched for the presence of the major classes. A few of these were found and are reported here. Several non-cancerous genes have also been studied as reference and comparison.
Page(s): 14-21
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Source:IJBB Vol.48(1) [February 2011]

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