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Title: Traditional Intellect in Disaster Risk Mitigation: Indian Outlook–Rajasthan and Bundelkhand Icons
Authors: Gupta, Anil K
Singh, Anjali
Keywords: Disasters;Water;Drought;Traditional knowledge;Rajasthan;Bundelkhand
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8 : A47G 19/26; G09G 5/00; G08B 5/00; G08B5/36; G08B 5/38; G08B 5/40; G04B 25/02
Abstract: Natural disaster’s impact on the community and development’s sustainability are occurring in aggravated and multiplied size and intensity. Global concern for finding appropriate ecological indicators stems partly from our inability to interpret early warning signals of a major ecological change, given the complexity of ecological systems. Traditional ecological knowledge represents experience acquired over thousands of years of direct human contact with the environment. Communities have evolved with the nature, its resources, its risks and natural processes as well which in certain conditions act as disasters due to their damaging impacts. Traditions of food, culture, spirituality, ethics and livelihoods have developed in the background of these natural or anthropogenic challenges in the background of interface between nature and human development, and thus, communities possess experience and knowledge to foresee, analysis, prepare for and face these challenges to sustain with resilience. India has a treasure of such indigenous and traditional knowledge of natural resource management and these can be extrapolated to understand the modern concepts of disaster risk management – in terms of early warning, preparedness, mitigation, response and relief as well. Rajasthan and Bundelkhand, the regions historically known for drought disaster present icons showcasing the traditional wisdom. Present paper reviews the concepts and associated ecological hypothesis, traditional knowledge framework for disaster management in Indian context and discusses cases from Rajasthan and Bundelkhand in order to evolve recommendations for science and policies.
Page(s): 156-166
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.10(1) [January 2011]

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