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Title: Lentiviral-mediated RNAi targeting p38MAPK ameliorates high glucose-induced apoptosis in osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell line
Authors: Feng, Zhengping
Deng, Huacong
Du, Jia
Chen, Danyan
Jiang, Rong
Liang, Xiaoyan
Keywords: Apoptosis
High glucose
MC3T3-E1 cell line
RNA interference
Issue Date: Feb-2011
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) pathway is an important signaling cascade involved in cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. High glucose activates p38MAPK pathway in different cells, including osteoblasts. In the present study, role of p38MAPK in high glucose induced osteoblast apoptosis and potential of RNA interference (RNAi) targeting p38MAPK as a therapy strategy have been reported. Lentiviral-mediated RNAi effectively reduced p38MAPK and p-p38MAPK expressions in osteoblastic cell line (MC3T3-E1) following high glucose (22 mM) induction. Inhibition of p38MAPK activity significantly suppressed high glucose induced apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cell and was confirmed by flow cytometry and ultra-structural examination by transmission electronic microscope. Inhibition of p38MAPK also significantly attenuates caspase-3 and bax protein expressions, but increased significantly bcl-2 expression as determined by Western blot analysis. The results suggested that p38MAPK mediates high glucose induced osteoblast apoptosis, partly through modulating the expressions of caspase-3, bax and bcl-2. Inhibition of p38MAPK with lentiviral-mediated RNAi or its specific inhibitor provides a new strategy to treat high glucose induced osteoblast apoptosis.
Page(s): 94-104
CC License:  CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.49(02) [February 2011]

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